Bed bugs are VERY elusive, transient, and nocturnal pests. The first sign of a bed bug infestation is typically bites on the skin or the appearance of small brownish dots on the bed. Bed bugs gain access to people through used furniture and bedding, luggage or other objects that move from place to place, or through pipes shared by neighboring apartments or hotel rooms. Bed bugs can live for a year or longer without a blood meal. Bed bug bites may be undetected on people who have been bitten. Welt-like swelling in a straight line on the skin of the bite victim may occur.
Signs of Bed Bugs
Infestations can be more accurately identified by examining bed or furniture for physical signs left behind by bed bugs. The following things found on the fabric surfaces of beds or furniture may help indicate an infestation:
- Rusty or reddish stains, which result from bed bugs being crushed.
- Tiny eggs and eggshells. If seen, eggshells are typically a pale yellow color.
- Dark spots that are a little bigger than the size of a period, which is excrement.
- And of course, the clearest indication of an infestation is finding the live bed bugs themselves.
Bed Bug Infestation Treatment
Treating bed bugs is notoriously difficult. Bed bugs can survive both low and high temperatures, are known to hide in small spaces, and they can live almost anywhere their hosts (humans) live. Eliminating bed bugs can be complex, and also requires the use of high heat or chemicals.